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An extended itinerary in the most remote provinces of Uzbekistan to discover the oldest cities of Central Asia.

Explore the caravan cities on the Great Silk Road: Tashkent, the ancient commercial oasis now eclectic capital of the Uzbek Republic; the legendary Samarkand, nicknamed “crossroads of cultures”, among the oldest cities in the world; Bukhara, with its architecture unchanged over time, an important religious center for centuries; Khiva among the best preserved ancient historical centers in all of Central Asia. 

Visit the remote Muynak on the “Aral Sea” and the fascinating abandoned fortresses in the Kyzylkum desert. Spend the night in an authentic Uzbek yurt, the typical circular home of nomads decorated with local rugs. 

Travel through time to Termez, among the oldest cities in Asia, located in the Bactrian on the border with Afghanistan, in the Hellenistic kingdom at the eastern end of the Empire of Alexander the Great. 

This example itinerary can be customized according to actual travel needs and can be combined with other routes.

Itineraries-Gran-tour-in-Uzbekistan © In Asia Travel


Length : 15G 14N
Destinations  : Tashkent, Termez, Shakrisabz, Samarkand, Nurata, Aydar Kul, Bukhara, Khiva, Nukus, Moinaq, Khorezm



Khast Imam mosque  © Gabriele StoiaKhast Imam Mosque

Arrive in Tashkent and accommodation at the hotel.

Visit the Khast Imam complex, the religious center of the capital located in the oldest part of the city, and the Muyi Mubarak library which houses thousands of manuscripts including the 7th century Uthman Koran, one of the oldest copies of the sacred book existing at the world. 

Then visit the Amir Temur Square, in the modern part of the capital; in the center the equestrian statue of the famous conquer undefeated Turkish-Mongol, known in the west as Tamerlane.

Not far away we find the remarkable Mustaqillik Maydonila, or “Independence Square“, symbol of Uzbekistan’s exit from the Soviet Union on August 31, 1991, surrounded by monuments, fountains and impressive public buildings. 

Later we visit the Museum of Applied Arts where we admire numerous objects that enhance the Uzbek skills, embroidery from the manufacture of pottery and other sculptures and jewelry.

We end the day at the exotic and colorful market Chorsu Bazaar surrounded by the scents of spices, dried fruit and delicious Uzbek bread.

Included : Private pick up from them airport, tour guide, tickets, private transportation and hotel


Archeological Museum Termiz © Zenwort - CC BY-SAArchaeological Museum – Zenwort – CC BY-SA

Transfer by domestic flight to Termez, one of the oldest cities in Asia, located in Bactria on the border with Afghanistan, in the Hellenistic kingdom at the eastern end of Alexander the Great Empire. 

Visit the Archaeological Museum, a unique artistic heritage in all of Central Asia. It houses as many as 27,000 artifacts that include everyday tools, weapons, coins, paintings, ancient sculptures, correspondences between the sovereigns, 16,000 medieval books and documents.

We continue to the architectural Hakimi Termizi Complex, XI-XV century, which takes its name from the well-known author of numerous religious philosophical works, theorist of Islamic mysticism and founder of the order of dervishes. 

Visit to the Sultan Saodat palace built between the 11th and 17th centuries on the tomb of the Sayyidis of Termez, according to some direct descendants of the prophet Muhammad. Continue to the Buddhist stupa Zurmala located in the ruins of ancient Termez, built in the I-II century. B.C..

Conclude the day at the suggestive Kara Tepe Monastery, a Buddhist place of worship built on three hills, consisting of a series of temples and monasteries from the 2nd century AD, a combination of sandstone caves and uncooked brick surface buildings.  

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Amir Timur statue © Gabriele StoiaAmir Timur statue – Shakhrisabz

Transfer to Kashkadarya region by car to visit Shakhrisabz, the birthplace of the famous conqueror Tamerlane.

Visit the remains of the architectural complex that includes Aksaray buildings, Dorut Tilovat memorial complex , Shaykh Shamsaddin Kulal al-Keshi Mausoleum, Gumbazi-seidon Mausoleum, Kok-Gumbaz Mosque.

At the end transfer to Samarkandamong the oldest cities in the world, cultural crossroads and fundamental stop along the Great Silk Road.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


 Registan Samarqand © Gabriele StoiaRegistan Square – Samarkand

We visit the iconic Registan Square, home to some of the best examples of Islamic architecture in the world, dominated by the imposing Sher-DorUlugbek and Tilla-Kori madrassas. 

Later we explore the enchanting Shakhi Zinda complex adorned with an extraordinary spectrum of blue tiles, the tomb of Timuridi – Guri Amir, burial of the Timurid dynasty, a unique architectural monument, and the sparkling turquoise dome of the Bibi Khanum cathedral mosque dedicated to his favorite wife from Timur. 

We continue to the colorful Siab Bazaar, the largest and oldest in Samarkand, of strategic importance for the commercial development of the Great Silk Road. A special place where the exotic atmosphere of the ancient city is palpable. 

We conclude the day with a visit to the Samarkand “Hudjum” carpet factory where we can admire the production process of the splendid oriental hand-embroidered rugs.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


ProphetProfet Daniel Mausoleum

After breakfast we visit the Prophet Daniel’s Mausoleum in the outskirts of Afrasiab, the ancient city dating back to the 7th-2nd century. B.C. located on the high hills at the entrance of Samarkand. 

Visit to the factory of the famous Samarkand paper, “Meros” made with the mulberry shortness. It is interesting to note that all the production is done manually following ancient traditions.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Yurta Uzbeka © Gabriele StoiaUzbek yurt

After breakfast drive to Nurata. In the area there are flint quarries, mines, ancient settlements, burial mounds, cemeteries of ancient nomads, pagan altars, crypts and about 4,000 petroglyphs, including monuments of the Middle Ages, Iron Age, Bronze Age and even of stone Age. 

In the afternoon excursion to Chashma, the religious complex known throughout Asia at its center is a sacred spring ( “Chashma”), according to legend, created by a meteorite.  

Transfer to the yurt camp, the typical house of nomads, decorated with sherdoke carpets locally produced. You can participate in the preparation of local dishes or take a camel ride in the desert to admire the flora and fauna, and a beautiful sunset.

Included : Yurt, breakfast, lunch, dinner, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


After breakfast drive to Bukhara, once intellectual and cultural center of the Islamic world, and flourishing city on the Silk Road, which has remained almost unchanged since the time of the caravans of merchants. 

Stop for lunch on the way.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Abdulaziz-Khan-Madrassah-Bukhara © Gabriele StoiaAbdulaziz Khan Madrassah

Visits the Ark Citadel, the massive fortress built in the 5th century for military purposes and used as a residence of the royal courts until 1920. 

Continue to Lyabi Khauz architectural complex in the city center where we can admire the wonderful mosaics of the Divan Beghi madrasa, the madrasas of Khanaqa Divan Beghi and Kukeldash.

Visit the Po-i-Kalyan religious complex overlooking the iconic square dominated by the Kalyan MosqueMiri-Araba Madrasa and Kalyan minaret, symbol of Bukhara, used for centuries as a beacon to guide the caravans arriving from the desert. 

Continue to Chor Bakr necropolis, the Samanidi mausoleum, the oldest funerary building in Central Asia and an icon of early Islamic architecture, and to the Chashma Ayub mausoleum where we find a source of water considered to be named after the prophet Jacob (Ayuba).

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Sitori-i-Mokhi Khosa © Gabriele StoiaSitori-i-Mokhi Khosa Complex

After breakfast we continue the visits to the mausoleum Bahauddin Naqshband, the founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi order and one of the most revered figures in the Muslim world.

Visit to Sitorai Mohi Hosa palace, the country residence of the last Emir Said Alim Khan, and the madrasa of Ulug Bek, important Islamic school, built in the fifteenth century.

We continue to the Abdul Aziz Khan madrasa and the Magok-i Attari mosque among the oldest in Central Asia, prior to the Mongol invasion.

In the afternoon free time at your disposal to autonomously discover the historical center of Bukhara.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Kyzylkum desert © Gabriele StoiaKyzylkum desert

Transfer by car to Khiva, the most isolated cities on the Silk Road caravan routes, considered one of the best preserved old towns in all of Central Asia.

We cross the desert Kizylkum and Amudarya River. On the way stop to learn about the fauna and flora of the desert.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Kunya Ark fortress © Gabriele StoiaKunya Ark fortress – Khiva

We spend the day exploring Khiva, an open-air museum that takes us back centuries in time, to the period of the caravans of merchants on the Silk Road.

Delve into the maze of narrow streets in the core of the Itchan Qal’a city, a World Heritage Site, and let yourself be transported back in time surrounded by the exciting artistic contrast of the mud houses and turquoise decorations of minarets and madrasas.

Crossing the walls of the Kunya Ark fortress we explore the mythical citadel which houses impressive architectural masterpieces including the Muhammad Amin-Khan Madrasa, the largest in all Central Asia, the famous Kalta-Minor Minaret in turquoise enamel with bricks and majolica, and the madrasas of Muhammad Rakhim-Khan II and Alla-Quli-Khan.

We visit Islom-Khodja Minaret and Mosque. We continue the discover the corridors and courtyards of the Tosh Khauli Palace and admire the turquoise dome of the mausoleum of the famous warrior Mahmud.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Ayaz Qala fortress © Gabriele Stoia - In Asia TravelAyaz Qala fortress

After breakfast visit Toprak QalaQavat Qala and Ayaz Qala forts. Ayaz Qala was built on a hill overlooking the Kyzylkum desert in the 2nd century A.D. during Kushan Empire, probably part of a chain of forts guarding the borders of the desert. Inside the walls we find attractive residential structures.  

In the afternoon transfer to Nukus and visit to the Museum of Art, or “Savitskiy Museum“, from the famous painter, archaeologist and collector Igor Savitskiy. With over 82,000 objects ranging from fine antiquities of Khorezm Karakalpak folk art, the Uzbek fine arts, the museum houses the second largest collection of Russian avant-garde in the world.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, picnic lunch, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


Moinaq © Gabriele Stoia - In Asia TravelAral Sea – Muynaq

After breakfast drive to Muynaq. Once home to a bustling fishing community of thousands of the town was the only Uzbek port city overlooking the Aral Lake, northwest of Uzbekistan, lying across the border with Kazakhstan, so large in size that to be nicknamed Aral Sea. The considerable abundance of fish for decades has guaranteed the sustenance of the economy of the region thanks to industrial and canning fishing.

We visit the suggestive “graveyard of ships“, the fishing fleet of rusty ships stranded in the sand Ustyurt plateau for decades. 

At the end transfer to the yurt camp.

Included : Yurt, breakfast, picnic lunch, dinner, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


After breakfast return to Nukus following an alternative route through amazing scenery.

Visit the settlement of Kurgancha, in Kungrad district, whose history dates back to the 13th century, an important trading time on the Great Silk Road. We stop on Sudochye lake to enjoy the picturesque scenery.

In the afternoon visit to the Mizdakhan necropolis, once the largest city in the Khorezm region, inhabited since the 4th century. B.C. to the 14th century. Nearby resting on a hill the evocative remains of Gyaur Qala fortress dating back to IV-III centuries. 

Included : Hotel, breakfast, picnic lunch, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 


After breakfast transfer to the airport in time for the domestic flight to Tashkent. Accommodation in hotel and free time. 

In the evening transfer to international airport for departure.

Included : Breakfast, private transportation to airport

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