ARCHAEOLOGICAL TOUR IN UZBEKISTAN

Length

13 DAYS

Type of tour

ARCHAEOLOGY/NATURE

Type of service

PRIVATE

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TRIP OVERVIEW

An archaeological tour in Uzbekistan that includes visits to some of the Central Asia’s most important historical sites outside of tourist circuits.

Explore the ruins of the ancient settlement Ak-Tepa in Yunis Abad district of Tashkent and the Buddhist Temple at Kuva in the Fergana Valley.

Visit the ancient Macedonian port city Kampyr Tepe, founded by Alexander the Great in Bactria, north of the Oxus River, and other Buddhist sites in Termez, on the Afghan border.

Discover the streets of Khiva, among the best preserved ancient historical centers in Central Asia, Bukhara and Samarkand with our history experts. 

Be enthralled by the fascinating forts in the Kyzylkum desert and immerse yourself in the rural lifestyle of the inhabitants of Nurata Mountains.

This example itinerary can be customized according to actual travel needs and can be combined with other routes.

Itineraries-tour-archeologico-Uzbekistan

DOWNLOAD ITINERARY

Length : 13G 12N
From : TASHKENT
To : TASHKENT
Destinations  : Tashkent, Kuva, Margilan, Termez, Shakrisabz, Samarkand, Sentyab, Nurata, Sentyab, Aydar Kul, Bukhara, Paykent, Khorezm, Khiva

ITINERARY

01. ARRIVE IN TASHKENT

Arrival in Tashkent, the ancient oasis trading today eclectic capital of the Uzbek Republic. A witness to the age old city and the ancient settlements are undoubtedly the remains found on the excavations sites.

We visit the ruins of Ak-Tepa settlement in Yunis Abad district. According to archaeological research was home to the oldest temple Zoroastrian past. We continue to the site Ming Urik, an old settlement in the center of the capital, and Kanka, an ancient center in Tashkent oasis in Akhangaran valley.

Included : Private pick up from them airport, tour guide, tickets, private transportation and hotel

02. TASHKENT - KUVA - FERGANA

After breakfast transfer to Fergana Valley, through the Kamchim pass in the direction to the border of Kyrgyzstan. 

We stop in Kuva to visit the ruins of the Buddhist temple.
Archaeological excavations have unearthed fragments of monumental sculptures, statues of various deities of the Buddhist pantheon, confirming the spread of Buddhism in this area.

At the end transfer to Fergana and hotel accommodation.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

03. FERGANA - MARGILAN - TASHKENT

Yodgorlik Silk Factor - Margilan © Gabriele StoiaYodgorlik Silk Factory – Margilan

We continue the journey to the town Margilan in the Fergana valley which, according to some European legends, was founded by Alexander the Great. It was a milestone on the Silk Road along the path that ran through the dell’Alay mountains to Kashgar in China.

Visit the madrasa Akhmad Khidji and Yodgorlik Silk Factory known around the world for its sublime silk manufacturing. The reputation gained over the centuries has guaranteed Margilan the nickname full title of “capital of Central Asia’s Silk”.

Visit the bazaar Kumpeta and Rishtan one of the most famous and ancient pottery centers in Uzbekistan, with traditions handed down from generation to generation for over eight centuries. The town owes its success to the substantial clay deposit at the base of almost the entire area of the town. At the end transfer to Tashkent.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

04. TASHKENT-TERMEZ - VISITS IN TERMEZ

Transfer to Termez by domestic flight, one of the oldest cities in Asia, located in Bactria on the border with Afghanistan, in the Hellenistic kingdom at the eastern end of Alexander the Great Empire.

Transfer to Kampyr Tepe, the ancient Macedonian port city of Bactria on the north of Oxus river, founded by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. At the time it served as a terminal for traders in transit on the Silk Road. The archaeological site is considered among the oldest in the entire country Uzbekistan and the ruins consist of fortifications in hellenistic style, a residential area, commercial suburbs and a port.

Visit Jarkurgan minaret built in the 12th century.

We continue to Dalverzin Tepe for the visit of the ruins of Khalchayan city, the archaeological site thought to be a small palace or a reception room, located near the modern city of Denov.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

05. VISITS IN TERMEZ

Archeological Museum Termiz © Zenwort - CC BY-SAArchaeological Museum – Zenwort – CC BY-SA

After breakfast we continue our visits to Kokildor – Ota Khanaka mausoleum and to the 9th century Qirq Qiz fortress.

Visit to the Sultan Saodat palace built between the 11th and 17th centuries on the tomb of the Sayyidis of Termez, according to some direct descendants of the prophet Muhammad. Continue to the Buddhist stupa Zurmala located in the ruins of ancient Termez, built in the I-II century. B.C..

We proceed to the suggestive Kara Tepe Monastery, a Buddhist place of worship built on three hills, consisting of a series of temples and monasteries from the 2nd century AD, a combination of sandstone caves and uncooked brick surface buildings. Nearby we find the unique Buddhist construction Fayaz Tepe.

Visit to the architectural Hakimi Termizi Complex, XI-XV century, which takes its name from the well-known author of numerous religious philosophical works, theorist of Islamic mysticism and founder of the order of dervishes.

We end the day at the Archaeological Museum, a unique artistic heritage in all of Central Asia. It houses as many as 27,000 artifacts that include everyday tools, weapons, coins, paintings, ancient sculptures, correspondences between the sovereigns, 16,000 medieval books and documents.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

06. TERMEZ - SHAKHRISABZ - SAMARKAND

Amir Timur statue © Gabriele StoiaAmir Timur staute – Shakhrisabz

Transfer to Kashkadarya region by car to visit Shakhrisabz, the birthplace of the famous conqueror Tamerlane.

Visit the remains of the architectural complex that includes Aksaray buildings, Dorut Tilovat memorial complex , Shaykh Shamsaddin Kulal al-Keshi Mausoleum, Gumbazi-seidon Mausoleum, Kok-Gumbaz Mosque.

At the end we return to Samarkand.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

07. VISITS IN SAMARKAND - SENTYAB

Registan Samarqand © Gabriele StoiaRegistan Square – Samarkand

We visit the iconic Registan Square, home to some of the best examples of Islamic architecture in the world, dominated by the imposing Sher-DorUlugbek and Tilla-Kori madrassas.

Visit the ancient Ulugbek observatory built in 1420 by the Timurid astronomer Ulugh Beg, considered by scholars to be one of the best observers in the Islamic world.

We continue to the ruins of Afrasiyab, among the greatest historical sites in the world, destroyed by the Mongols in the thirteenth century. Adjacent is the Afrasyiab Museum that exhibits a rich permanent collection of the city’s history.

In the afternoon we continue to Nurata. In the area there are flint quarries, mines, ancient settlements, burial mounds, cemeteries of ancient nomads, pagan altars, crypts and about 4,000 petroglyphs, including monuments of the Middle Ages, Iron Age, Bronze Age and even of ‘ stone Age.

Included : Guesthouse, breakfast, dinner, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

08. SENTYAB - BUKHARA

After breakfast hike in the area, accompanied by a local expert guide. We visit the ruins of the ancient houses built of flat stones on the steep walls.

Continuing along the gorge we reach a small waterfall where we can enjoy a relaxing break and view the petroglyphs.

Afternoon transfer to Bukhara, once intellectual and cultural center of the Islamic world, and flourishing city on the Silk Road, which has remained almost unchanged since the time of the caravans of merchants.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

09. ESCURSIONE PAYKENT - BUKHARA

After breakfast, drive to Paykent for the visit to the ruins of the fort unearthed in 2003. After returning to Bukhara.

In the afternoon visits the Ark Citadel in the historic center of the Bukhara, the massive fortress built in the 5th century for military purposes and used as a residence of the royal courts until 1920.

We continue to Lyabi Khauz architectural complex in the city center where we admire the marvelous mosaics of the madrasa Divan Beghi, the Khanaqa Divan Beghi and madrasa Kukeldash.

Visit to Lyabi Khauz architectural complex in the city center where we can admire the wonderful mosaics of the Divan Beghi madrasa, the madrasas of Khanaqa Divan Beghi and Kukeldash.

We continue to the Po-i-Kalyan religious complex overlooking the iconic square dominated by the Kalyan Mosque, Miri-Araba Madrasa and Kalyan minaret, symbol of Bukhara, used for centuries as a beacon to guide the caravans arriving from the desert.

Continue to Chor Bakr necropolis, the Samanidi mausoleum, the oldest funerary building in Central Asia and an icon of early Islamic architecture.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

10. BUKHARA - AYAZ QALA

Kyzylkum desert © Gabriele StoiaKyzylkum desert

After breakfast we continue north west through the Kyzylkum desert and the Amu Darya river. The route though long gives us glimpses of a mythical landscape, once beaten by merchant caravans on the Silk Road.

Accommodation and overnight at yurt camp Ayaz Qala.

 

Included : Yurt, breakfast, lunch, dinner, tour guide, tickets and private 

11. KHOREZM FOTRESSES - KHIVA

Ayaz Qala fortress © Gabriele Stoia - In Asia TravelAyaz Qala fotress

After breakfast visit Ayaz Qala fortress on a hill overlooking the Kyzylkum desert, built in the second century. A.D. Kushan Empire probably part of a chain of forts guarding the borders of the desert. Inside the walls we find attractive residential structures.

Visit the impressive fortresses of Toprak Qala and Qavat Qala

Then transfer to Khiva, the most isolated cities on the Silk Road caravan routes, considered one of the best preserved old towns in all of Central Asia.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, picnic lunch, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

12. VISITS IN KHIVA - TASHKENT

Kunya Ark fortress © Gabriele StoiaKunya Ark fortress – Khiva

We spend the day exploring Khiva, an open-air museum that takes us back centuries in time, to the period of the caravans of merchants on the Silk Road.

Delve into the maze of narrow streets in the core of the Itchan Qal’a city, a World Heritage Site, and let yourself be transported back in time surrounded by the exciting artistic contrast of the mud houses and turquoise decorations of minarets and madrasas.

Crossing the walls of the Kunya Ark fortress we explore the mythical citadel which houses impressive architectural masterpieces including the Muhammad Amin-Khan Madrasa, the largest in all Central Asia, the famous Kalta-Minor Minaret in turquoise enamel with bricks and majolica, and the madrasas of Muhammad Rakhim-Khan II and Alla-Quli-Khan.

We visit the mausoleums of Said Allauddin and Palvan Makhmud, the Shergazi-Khan Madrasa, and Islom-Khodja Minaret and Mosque. We continue the visit to the corridors and courtyards of the Tosh Khauli Palace and admire the turquoise dome of the mausoleum of the famous warrior Mahmud.

After dinner a short domestic flight to Tashkent.

Included : Hotel, breakfast, tour guide, tickets and private transportation 

13. TASHKENT - DEPARTURE

Chorsu Market - Tashkent © Gabriele StoiaChorsu Market – Tashkent

Time for one last final walk to the capital or to go shopping in the exotic and colorful market Chorsu Bazaar surrounded by the scents of spices, dried fruit and delicious Uzbek bread.

Following transfer to international airport in time for your departure flight.

Included : Breakfast, private transportation and private airport transfer 

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